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Human Trafficking

By: Pawan Kumar

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The term Human trafficking is defined as; “The illegal dealing of humans in illegal ways “. Human Trafficking is a hot issue worldwide. Humans are not secure enough that they can live easily.

Trafficking in person is a serious crime and also a violation of human rights. Almost 161 countries including the super power (United States of America) is affected by Human Trafficking.

Every year; thousands of men, women and children were got into the hand of traffickers in their own country or abroad.

After that the traffickers use those people in smuggling, terrorist’s activities, sex, slavery, forced labor and other crimes are also involved in it. Men, women and children are engaged in agricultural, fisheries and construction work, along with domestic servitude and other labor-intensive jobs.

Traffickers use force, fraud, harassment to attract victims and force them into labor or commercial exploitation.

Sometimes, the traffickers smuggle drugs through the stomach of people.

They look for people who are open for a variety of reasons including psychological or emotional vulnerability, economic hardship, lack of social safety net, natural disasters and political instability.

The damage caused by the traffickers can be so great that many may not identify themselves as victims or ask for help, even in the highly public settings.

Trafficking in humans for the purpose of using their organs, particularly kidneys, is a fast-growing field of criminal activity.

In many countries, waiting lists for transplants are very long, and criminals have seized this opportunity to exploit the desperation of patients and potential donors.

The health of victims, even their lives, is at risk as operations may be carried out in clandestine conditions with no medical follow-up.

An ageing population and increased incidence of diabetes in many developed countries is likely to increase the requirement for organ transplants and make this crime even more lucrative.

Commercial and sexual exploitation of children in tourism is crime type has been apparent in Asia for many years and has now taken hold in Africa as well as Central and South America.

The phenomenon is promoted by the growth of inexpensive air travel and the relatively low risk of prohibition and prosecution in these destinations for engaging in sexual relations with minors.

The statistical data of human trafficking is increasingly very high year by year. If we put a glance at last five years (2012 to 2016), we have clear facts and figures. In 2012 cases of human trafficking are 3,409 worldwide. In 2013 5,176 people, in 2014 5,382 people, in 2015 5,961 people, in 2016 8,042 people were eyed in the human trafficking. The above figures clearly show that the human trafficking has now become a serious crime.

If we talk about last ten years, figures from 2007 to 2016, approximately 31,659 people became victims under the hands of traffickers. In which 73% people including men, women and children, were used for sex trafficking, 14% people were used for labor trafficking, 4% were used for sex and labor trafficking and 9% people are still not specified in any category.

Similarly, in Pakistan also human trafficking is a major issue. The border areas of Pakistan are the red zone of human trafficking.

Victims of human trafficking can be any age, gender, race or immigration status. They live in cities, residential areas and rural areas.

Human traffickers relentlessly suggest ways to take advantage of people who find themselves in circumstances of extreme adversity or violence, experience discrimination, economic vulnerability or dependence. Communities that experience some of these hardships may be particularly vulnerable to human trafficking.

UNODC (United Nation office on Drugs and Crime) strategic approach to combating trafficking in persons and the smuggling of foreigners is founded in the full and effective implementation of the Protocols, and can be best understood as having three interdependent and complementary components:
(1) research and awareness raising
(2) promotion of the Protocols and capacity-building and,
(3) the strengthening of partnerships and coordination

UNODC’s normative work on promoting the protocols and capacity-building engages with member states and working-level practitioners in providing legislative assistance, strategic planning and policy development, technical assistance for strengthened criminal justice responses, and protection and support to victims of trafficking in persons and smuggled migrants.

Finally, UNODC initiatives on strengthening partnerships and coordination occur through its participation in inter-agency groups.

Many myths and misconceptions exist. Recognizing key indicators of human trafficking is the first step in identifying victims and can help to save a life.

Not all indicators listed are present in every human trafficking situation, and the presence or absence of any of the indicators is not necessarily proof of human trafficking. The safety of the public as well as the victim is paramount.

Do not attempt to confront a suspected trafficker directly or alert a victim to any suspicions. It is up to law enforcement to investigate suspected cases of human trafficking.

Fighting human trafficking should not just be seen as the responsibility of the authorities.

Ordinary people can help to tackle the crime by being aware of it and by making sure that the plight of victims does not go unnoticed. There are many ways that you can help tackle this crime and make a difference.

Be alert! if you see anything that you think might be related to trafficking, tell the police or telephone your local anti-trafficking helpline, if one is available.

These concerns could relate to your workplace or to your private life – remember, victims are coerced into a range of areas.

If you are unsure, it is better to be mistaken than to let another victim continue to be enslaved.

Be involved! find out what is being done in your community, see what you can do and encourage your friends, family and neighbors to be more aware about human trafficking.

Many national authorities and non-governmental organizations are involved in anti-trafficking work and there is a wealth of information available online through these channels.

Be responsible! Make sure that your consumer choices and actions are ethical ones.

While some decisions might be clearer than others, you can pledge not to purchase goods and services that could be linked directly or indirectly with sexual exploitation, forced labor or other forms of forced subjugation

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