By: Amreen Mir
Climate change has become detrimental for life on earth since the industrial revolution in the late 18th century.
It is an unpredictable change in natural climatic patterns along with rising sea levels transforming the global atmosphere.
Scientific studies, for the cause of increasing climate change , have proven that various human activities, directly or indirectly, have caused the global temperature rise to an unprecedented level.
Besides, the human activities have altered the natural green house effect by burning more fossil fuels, use of Chloro-fluoro Carbons( CFCs), and various pesticides and fertilizers causing the increase of Carbon dioxiode(CO2) in the atmosphere.
Continuous deforestation, increase in industries, and over population have added fuel to the fire.
Moreover, the increase in carbon emissions have contaminated the surroundings as well as causing the depletion of Ozone layer, a protective layer around the earth that halts the harmful ultraviolet radiations of the sun.
The spike in the global climate has not only led to reduced food production but also has caused catastrophic and calamitous natural disasters such as floods, tornadoes, heatwaves etc impacting millions of lives on the planet.
Unfornately, climate change is a global issue. Pakistan, being no exception, has been affected by this malaise.
Pakistan ranks in the top ten countries with at high risk of being affected by the climate change. Various events like earthquake of 2005 ,Floods in 2010, and recent heatwaves have shown that Pakistan is most at risk due to this monster.
To a greater surprise , the challenge for Pakistan still remains with indefinite consequences like shortage of food, water, and reduced agricultural yield; therefore, leading towards economic declivity, political instability, social issues, fatal health issues, and increased natural disasters and massive migration.
Pakistan being an agroeconomy seems to be affected at large. Climate change has resulted not only in water scarcity, but increased temperatures ,have caused indefinite glacier melting as well as increase in sea levels, leading to floods and tsunamis.
It has immeasurable effects on the agricultural production reducing the annual yield of crops. This has furthered impacts on deteriorating economy of our country as well as affected food security. Moreover, reduced agricultural yield has also increased umemployment because of being agroeconomy.
As the farmers who rely on their crops, find alternative ways to fulfill their basic needs. This has aggravated in public agression leading the youth to commit crimes ripping apart the social and moral fabric of the society.Additionaly, climate change has led to increase in health issues.
Several water and air-borne diseases are a result of increased temperatures. Lower agricultural production has also threatened the food security causing people to die of hunger.
The recent rise in the sea levels have hampered traumatised the lives of people living on the coastal regions. The increase in carbon emissions has not only polluted the air but has made the soil and water saline.The above stated problems don’t grow automatically.
One should see beneath the surface in order to rectify the issue and come up with possible measures. No problem comes with out solution.
So down-below , some possible solutions are enlisted, which if followed religiously can help not only our country but also the Globe to combat the issue.
Regrettably, climate change has posed greater threat since the past 2 decades . If the issue remains unchecked, then for the poverty stricken countries like Pakistan, its effects will be far-reaching and diabolic.
Despite the stream of strong words by various global leaders, nothing concrete has been done yet.
(Amreen Mir, a post graduate and freelance writer who wants to bring change in society , working for the youth development and women empowerment. Writer may be contacted via Twitter @amreen_mir1)